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Pipelines

Pipelines
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Background
Canada and the United States are laced with an extensive network of pipelines that carry liquid hydrocarbons and natural gas. Canada has more than 700,000 km of pipelines, but there is currently no pipeline to move oil from western Canada eastwards beyond Sarnia, ON.  

Canada consequently imports nearly half of the 1.8 million barrels a day of oil that Canadians burn in their vehicles.  Canada imports oil from the North Sea, Nigeria, and the Middle East through Lévis and Montréal, QC, Saint John, NB, and Portland, ME. This oil flows through pipelines in the North Sea and the producing countries, before being transported across the ocean in tankers to Canadian refineries, and in the case of Portland through a pipeline to Montréal.

Canada produces 3.2 million barrels of oil a day, most of which is exported to the United States, including production in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Energy East
TransCanada, a major Canadian pipeline company, filed an application with the National Energy Board on 2014 March 4 to convert an existing natural gas pipeline in eastern Canada to an oil pipeline to move oil from western Canada to eastern Canada. The proposal is known as the  "Energy East Pipeline Project".  
This proposal also involves the construction of new pipeline in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Eastern Ontario, Québec, and New Brunswick to link up with the converted pipe, as well as associated facilities, such as pumping stations.
Principle sources:
Canadian Geographic,
National Energy Board
.
Objections
Ecology Ottawa is spearheading objections to this proposal in the Ottawa area.  It states that "Every day in Ottawa, 1.1 million barrels of toxic and corrosive oil, including tar sands crude, will flow past your home, schools, farms, lakes and rivers. It will be piped under high pressure through a converted 40-year-old existing natural gas pipeline."

Your view?
CACOR invites its members and others to contribute to a blog on this subject. Please send your comment to comments (cacor1974@gmail.com) 
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